21 June 2006

Tejeduría Plana /

Telar de Lizos

En esta ocasión conoceremos una de las áreas del Diseñador Textil, esta es la Tejeduría Plana. También mostraré parte de mi portafolio desarrollado en el laboratorio de este año.

¿Qué es un Telar?
El telar es un artefacto de madera compuesto de dos laterales, formados por vigas que se unen y se sujetan de pie por medio de unos listones o travesaños.
El armazón, sirve de soporte a unos maderos en forma de cilindros llamados enjulios, cuya función es mantener los hilos y recoger la tela tejida.
En los travesaños bajos de la estructura, se ajustan los pedales, también denominados, exprimideras.

El objeto del telar es producir un tejido, entrecruzando los hilos de la urdimbre con las pasadas de trama. El caso más sencillo lo tenemos al fabricar un tejido de tafetán, comúnmente llamado plana.



Para conocer y comprender la Tejeduría plana es necesario saber algunos conceptos básicos, como son el de Tejido, Urdimbre - Trama, y Ligamento Tela.

Tejido
Nombre que se da a el género obtenido en forma de lamina más o menos resistente, elástica y flexible, mediante el cruzamiento y enlace de 2 series de hilos: una loguitudinal y la otra transversal.

Urdimbre y Trama
La serie loguitudinal de hilos recibe el nombre de Urdimbre y cada uno de ellos elementos se denomina Hilo. La serie transversal recibe el nombre de Trama y cada una de sus unidades se denomina Pasada.

Ligamento Tela
"Es la ley según la cual los hilos se cruzan y enlazan con las pasadas para formar el tejido".
En otras palabras se da el nombre de ligamento tela a la representación gráfica de esta ley en la superficie cuadriculada.


Muestras Portafolio

Muestras Diseño Papel Padrón



21 comments:

MANOS AL ARTE said...

Hermosas creaciones las que realizan, les felicito.
Les invitamos a conocernos. Durante este mes Manos al Arte trae a connotados exponentes del área textil a Valparaíso. Dictarán seminarios en textilería mapuche, tapices artísticos, shibori y fieltro.
¡Les esperamos!

Escuela taller Manos al Arte
Cochrane 90 Valparaíso
fono 032-229311
www.manosalarte.cl.kz
manosalarte@gmail.com

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